HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE OF TEACHER EDUCATION IN INDIA
On ancient and medieval India, there was no concept of teacher education. Scholarliness was considered as the sole criterion for becoming a teacher. The concept that teachers are born and not made was also prevalent.
It is only during the British period we see that advent of teacher education in India.
The salient developments are listed below,
1. Setting up of the first normal school at Serampur by the Danish missionaries.
2. Establishment of teacher training institutions at Pune, Surat, Calcutta by government.
3. Establishment of teacher training centers in Bombay, Madras, and Calcutta by educational societies.
4. Opening of government normal schools at Agra (1852), Meerut (1856), and Banarus (1857).
5. Woods dispatch recommended for opening teacher training schools but with no effect.
6. By 1882, there were 106 elementary teacher-training institutions.
7. Indian education commission of 1882 recommended for starting of more training schools and examinations in theory and practice for secondary school teachers.
8. Practicing schools came to be attached to training colleges after the government resolution of 1914.
9. By the end of 19th century there were 6 training colleges and 56 training schools for secondary school teachers.
10. Calcutta university commission of 1917 recommended for the systematization of research work on training.
11. Hartog committee of 1929 recommended for organizing refresher and in-service training courses for the trained teachers.
12. After the attainment of independence, basic training received great importance. B.Ed training courses, M.Ed and PhD courses were started in many universities.